i no u luv dem retro titlez. ******************************************************************************************************** The Barrow-Tippler Fallacy (also False Lottery) is the assessment of probability (after the fact of a determined outcome) for which the sample size is one. It is named for John Barrow and Frank Tipler, co-authors of The Anthropic Cosmological Principle, in which they argue that the precise conditions of the Universe (characterised by apparently fundamental parameters such as physical constants) are highly improbable and indicative of the Weak Anthropic Principle (WAP). A false lottery is the opposite of a true lottery, where the number of outcomes is known. For example, the probability of rolling a double-six on a pair of dice can be meaningfully assessed, because all six sides of both dice present real, possible outcomes. By contrast, there is no evidence that an electron or proton with a different mass is a real, possible outcome during the earliest moments of the Universe. Furthermore, there is no evidence one way or the other that these supposedly “finely tuned” values were determined at any given time, or whether they are derived from an as yet unfathomable structure. Use of this fallacy to construct Fine Tuning Arguments is popular among apologists for special creation. ******************************************************************************************************** Arrest the Pope.